brotzu school

spazio riservato al libero scambio di idee, pensieri e parole

Another day at school!

Hello! After breakfast normally getting ready for school is the next step in the normal weekday morning routine. I always end up rushing because I never wake up on time to take things slowly. I leave home everyday around a quarter to eight and walk for fifteen minutes to Ealing Broadway, my nearest  train station. Once on the train it takes only about twenty minutes to reach my "college" that is in South Kensington, in central London. My school day starts at half past eight, but lessons start at nine, around midday there is the lunch hour and we finish school at abot four o’clock in the afternoon, but at least we don’t go on Saturdays! This is my final year in school and in June I have my final exams called "A levels" that are similar to your "esame di maturità" and it is vital for me to get good grades to be able to get a place in a university of my choice. What is your school like? Do you like it?

 

Love

Max

 

 

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Max speaks English!

09/09/2011

Da diversi anni la sezione del giornale "Brotzu Voice", dedicata a gli articoli scritti in lingua straniera (Inglese o Francese ), è stata un pò tralasciata, quindi è stata mia intenzione "rianimare" quanto possibile la sezione almeno per quanto riguarda la lingua Inglese con l’avvio del proggetto "Max speaks English", esso consiste in una serie di lettere scritte da Max, un ragazzo 17enne residente a Londra  che scrive varie brevi lettere sulla cultura, i modi di fare e le abitudini degli Inglesi a un suo amico in Italia (il lettore). Il linguaggio utilizzato è alla portata di tutti e ancor più importante è per lo più grammaticalmente corretto (a differenza di alcuni articoli di repertorio).  Con l’augurio che possa essere un iniziativa che porti un pizzico in più d’interesse a chi si dedica allo studio della lingua e la cultura del mio paese natio, come sempre son ben accette critiche, commenti e opinioni sulla gestione di questa rubrica.  Inoltre il lettore, al termine di ogni lettera, viene invitato a rispondere a dei quesiti attinenti all’argomento trattato che possono essere mandati al mio indirizzo email: Questo indirizzo email è protetto dagli spambots. È necessario abilitare JavaScript per vederlo. (le vostre risposte saranno pubblicate sul sito, su richiesta potrà essere fatto in modo anonimo). Enjoy!

 

Max speaks English! Lettere in ordine cronologico:
 

Hello, my name is Max!

 

An English breakfast

Another day at school!

 

 My driving licence

 

 

  Bad news

 Football Fever!

 

On my way to the airport

 

 

   
  Marco’s Story

 

Article for the Online magazine

21/10/2006

Hi, we are some students of 4CSS and with the English teacher we have decided to write an article in English for the Online magazine. Firstly we’ve worked in group looking for a suitable topic then we’ve decided to publish this article. It’s about a review of two movies we saw and liked very much.

 

 

 

 

Pirates of the Caribbean: the course of the black pearl 

Walt Disney Pictures 
Rated: USA: PG 
Release Date
: July 9th, 2003 
Starring:. Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightley, Geoffrey Rush. 
Genre: Action, Adventure. 
Story: A tale of adventure set during 17th Century in the Caribbean Sea. For the roguish yet charming Captain Jack Sparrow (Johnny Depp), the crystalline waters of the Caribbean, like the high seas the world over, present a vast playground where adventure and mystery abound, but Jack’s idyllic life capsizes after his nemesis, the wily Captain Barbossa (Geoffrey Rush), steals his ship, the Black Pearl, and later attacks the town of Port Royal, kidnapping the Governor’s beautiful daughter, Elizabeth Swann (Keira Knightle). Elizabeth’s childhood friend, Will Turner (Orlando Bloom), joins forces with Jack to commandeer the fastest ship in the British fleet, the HMS Interceptor, in a gallant attempt to rescue her and capture the Black Pearl. The duo and their crew are persued by Elizabeth’s betrothed, the debonair, ambitious Commodore Norringhton, aboard the HMS dauntless. Unbeknownst to Will, there is a curse that has doomed Barbossa and his crew to live forever an the undead – when exposed to moonlight, they are exposed to living skeletons. The curse they carry can be broken, only if a ince-plundered treasure is restored. 

 

 

Pirates of the Caribbean; Dead Man’s Chest 
Walt Disney Pictures 
Rated: USA: PG 
Release Date
: July 7, 2006 
Starring:. Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightley, Bill Nighy. 
Genre: Action, Adventure. 
This movie is the sequel of the movie Pirates of the Caribean: the course of the Black Pearl 
Story: Captain Jack Sparrow ( Johnny Depp ) is caught up another tangled web of supernatural intrigue. Although the curse of the black pearl has been lifted, an even more terrifying threat looms over its captain and scurvy crew: it turns out that Jack owes a blood debt to the legendary Davy Jones ( Bill Nighy ), Ruler of the Ocean Depths, who captains the ghostly Flying Dutchman, which no other ship can match in speed and stealth. Unless the ever-crafty Jack figures a cunning way out of this Faustian pact, he will be cursed to an afterlife of eternal servitude and damnation in the service of Jones. This startling development interrupts the wedding plans of Will Turner ( Orlando Bloom ) and Elizabeth Swann (Keira Knightley) , who once again find themselves thrust into Jack’s misadventures, leading to escalating confrontations with sea monsters, very unfriendly islanders, flamboyant soothsayer Tia Dalma and even the mysterious appearance of Will’s long-lost father, Bootstrap Bill. Meanwhile, ruthless pirate hunter Lord Cutler Beckett of the East India Trading Company sets his sights on retrieving the fabled “Dead Man’s Chest”. According to legend, whoever possesses the Dead Man’s Chest gains control of Davy Jones, and Beckett intends to use this awesome power to destroy every last Pirate of the Caribbean once and for all. For times are changing on the high seas, with businessmen and bureaucrats becoming the true pirates-and freewheeling, fun-loving buccaneers like Jack and his crew threatened with extinction. 

By Cauterucci M., Greco F., Mucili M., Naddeo S.,Peddis A., Porru F.e Tuveri S. 

Hallowen

24/10/2006 

Each year, on the last night of October, millions of children across the U.S dress-up in costume and take to the streets for a spooky Trick or Treat The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom, and northern France, celebrated their new year on November 1. This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death. Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred. On the night of October 31, they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth. In addition to causing trouble and damaging crops, Celts thought that the presence of the otherworldly spirits made it easier for the Druids, or Celtic priests, to make predictions about the future. For a people entirely dependent on the volatile natural world, these prophecies were an important source of comfort and direction during the long, dark winter. To commemorate the event, Druids built huge sacred bonfires, where the people gathered to burn crops and animals as sacrifices to the Celtic deities. During the celebration, the Celts wore costumes, typically consisting of animal heads and skins, and attempted to tell each other’s fortunes. When the celebration was over, they re-lit their hearth fires, which they had extinguished earlier that evening, from the sacred bonfire to help protect them during the coming winter. By A.D. 43, Romans had conquered the majority of Celtic territory. In the course of the four hundred years that they ruled the Celtic lands, two festivals of Roman origin were combined with the traditional Celtic celebration of Samhain. The first was Feralia, a day in late October when the Romans traditionally commemorated the passing of the dead. The second was a day to honour Pomona, the Roman goddess of fruit and trees. The symbol of Pomona is the apple and the incorporation of this celebration into Samhain probably explains the tradition of "bobbing" for apples that is practiced today on Halloween. By the 800s, the influence of Christianity had spread into Celtic lands. In the seventh century, Pope Boniface IV designated November 1 All Saints’ Day, a time to honor saints and martyrs. It is widely believed today that the pope was attempting to replace the Celtic festival of the dead with a related, but church-sanctioned holiday. The celebration was also called All-hallows or All-hallowmas (from Middle English Alholowmesse meaning All Saints’ Day) and the night before it, the night of Samhain, began to be called All-hallows Eve and, eventually, Halloween. Even later, in A.D. 1000, the church would make November 2 All Souls’ Day, a day to honour the dead. It was celebrated similarly to Samhain, with big bonfires, parades, and dressing up in costumes as saints, angels, and devils. Together, the three celebrations, the eve of All Saints’, All Saints’, and All Souls’, were called Hallowmas. 

By Denotti C., Saba F., Agus M., Granara M., Sarritzu C., Vardeu C.e Muntoni G. 

Open your eyes

25/10/2006

Most of us don’t care about society problems. Maybe you think “we are young and there is no time to think about it”. It’s time to grow up and to take a look at the society. 
If you look around you will see girls dying for being on TV, they won’t stop till they’ve reached their dreams, diet pills, surgery, photoshop pictures in magazines, telling them how they should be, it doesn’t make sense. 
To be beautiful doesn’t mean to have a statuary body but to have an own personality, own ideas and a coherent morality. 
We would not be depressed if we don’t catch up the rigid outlines set up from the media (newspapers, radio, magazines, TV etc…) but we have to accept ourselves as we are and to think about more important problems. 
The society doesn’t care about teenagers problems and there are no many meeting centres for those girls who do not feel themselves accepted by the society. For example some days ago in Italy, a girl killed herself because she was not accepted by her friends who didn’t considered her as a friend and she felt alone… 
There are a lot of people driving big cars, dressed with high class labels, living in “palaces” and they don’t care about the kids starving in the street, who don’t have anything to eat, and sleeping under the bridges… 
Apparently this society seems wrong but it’s never too late to improve it; the society is composed by a billion of people and most of them have problems, so we have to help them singularly. 

By Mucelli V., Coniglione M., Chillotti M., Tolu E., Sesuru C., Ibba V., e Palla A. 

CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE U.E.

30/11/2006

 

Hi guys! We’re still us, class 4^C S.S.! This time, instead of writing about cinema, we will speak about a more recent argument! We decided to speak about European citizenship. 
Have you ever thought of it when we define ourselves Italian citizens we’re also European citizens! 

 

 

CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION 
PREAMBLE 
The peoples of Europe, in creating an ever closer union among them, are resolved to share a peaceful future based on common values. 
Conscious of its spiritual and moral heritage, the Union is founded on the indivisible, universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity; it is based on the principles of democracy and the rule of law. It places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing the citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of freedom, security and justice. 
The Union contributes to the preservation and to the development of these common values while respecting the diversity of the cultures and traditions of the peoples of Europe as well as the national identities of the Member States and the organisation of their public authorities at national, regional and local levels; it seeks to promote balanced and sustainable development and ensures free movement of persons, goods, services and capital, and the freedom of establishment. 
To this end, it is necessary to strengthen the protection of fundamental rights in the light of changes in society, social progress and scientific and technological developments by making those rights more visible in a Charter. 
This Charter reaffirms, with due regard for the powers and tasks of the Community and the Union and the principle of subsidiary, the rights as they result, in particular, from the constitutional traditions and international obligations common to the Member States, the Treaty on European Union, the Community Treaties, the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the Social Charters adopted by the Community and by the Council of Europe and the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Communities and of the European Court of Human Rights. Enjoyment of these rights entails responsibilities and duties with regard to other persons, to the human community and to future generations. 
The Union therefore recognises the rights, freedoms and principles set out hereafter. 

Now we write about some of the most important laws of the Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union 
CHAPTER DIGNITY 
Article 1 
Human dignity 
Human dignity is inviolable. It must be respected and protected. 
Article 2 
Right to life 
1. Everyone has the right to life. 
2. No one shall be condemned to the death penalty, or executed. 
CHAPTER FREEDOMS 
Article 8
 
Protection of personal data 
1. Everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her. 
2. Such data must be processed fairly for specified purposes and on the basis of the consent of the person concerned or some other legitimate basis laid down by law. Everyone has the right of access to data which has been collected concerning him or her, and the right to have it rectified. 
3. Compliance with these rules shall be subject to control by an independent authority. 
Freedom of thought, conscience and religion 
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right includes freedom to change religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or in private, to manifest religion or belief, in worship, teaching, practice and observance. 
2. The right to conscientious objection is recognised, in accordance with the national laws governing the exercise of this right. 
CHAPTER EQUALITY 
Article 21 
Non-discrimination 
1. Any discrimination based on any ground such as sex, race, colour, ethnic or social origin, genetic features, language, religion or belief, political or any other opinion, membership of a national minority, property, birth, disability, age or sexual orientation shall be prohibited. 
2. Within the scope of application of the Treaty establishing the European Community and of the Treaty on European Union, and without prejudice to the special provisions of those Treaties, any discrimination on grounds of nationality shall be prohibited. 
Article 23 
Equality between men and women 
Equality between men and women must be ensured in all areas, including employment, work and pay. 
The principle of equality shall not prevent the maintenance or adoption of measures providing for specific advantages in favour of the under-represented sex 
Article 26 
Integration of persons with disabilities 
The Union recognises and respects the right of persons with disabilities to benefit from measures designed to ensure their independence, social and occupational integration and participation in the life of the community. 
CHAPTER SOLIDARITY 
Articolo 32
 
Prohibition of child labour and protection of young people at work 
The employment of children is prohibited. The minimum age of admission to employment may not be lower than the minimum school-leaving age, without prejudice to such rules as may be more favourable to young people and except for limited derogations. 
Young people admitted to work must have working conditions appropriate to their age and be protected against economic exploitation and any work likely to harm their safety, health or physical, mental, moral or social development or to interfere with their education. 
CHAPTER JUSTICE 
Article 48 
Presumption of innocence and right of defence 
1. Everyone who has been charged shall be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law. 
2. Respect for the rights of the defence of anyone who has been charged shall be guaranteed. 
Article 50 
Right not to be tried or punished twice in criminal proceedings for the same criminal offence 
No one shall be liable to be tried or punished again in criminal proceedings for an offence for which he or she has already been finally acquitted or convicted within the Union in accordance with the law. 

 

by M.Cauterucci, F.Greco, M.Mucili, S.Naddeo, A.Peddis, F.Porru,S.Tuveri.

European commission

30/11/2006

 

The European Commission, precisely the Commission of the European Communities, is the executive body and it’s one of the three main institutions governing the European Union, alongside the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. Its primary roles are to propose and implement legislation and to act as ’guardian of the treaties’ which provide the legal basis for the EU. 
The Commission consists of 25 Commissioners, one from each member state of the EU supported by an administrative body of thousand European civil servants divided into departments called Directorate-General. The term "the Commission" is generally used to refer either to the administrative body in its entirety, and to the team of Commissioners who lead it. 
Unlike the Council of the EU, the Commission is intended to be a body independent of member states. Commissioners aren’t permitted to take instructions from the government of the country that appointed them, but the aim of their duty is to represent the interests of the citizens of all the EU. The Commission is headed by a President. Its headquarters are located in Brussels and its working languages are English, French and German. The Commission differs from other institutions in the EU system through its power of initiative. This means that only the Commission has the authority to initiate legislation in the areas known as the "first pillar". However, the Council of the EU and the European Parliament are both able to formally request that the Commission legislate on a particular topic. In the areas that fall within the "second pillar" (foreign policy and defence) and "third pillar" (criminal law), the Commission shares the power of initiating legislation with the European Council. 
The EC also takes the role of guardian of the treaties, which includes taking responsibility for initiating infringement proceedings at the European Court of Justice against member states and others who it considers to have breached the EU treaties and other community laws. The Commission negotiates international trade agreements (in the World Trade Organization) and other international agreements on behalf of the EU. It closely co-operates in this with the Council of the European Union. The Commission is responsible for adopting technical measures to implement legislation adopted by the Council and, in most cases, the Parliament. This legislation is subject to the approval of committees made up of representatives of member states. This process is sometimes known by the jargon term of comitology. The Commission also regulates competition in the Union, vetting all mergers with Community-wide effects and initiating proceedings against companies which violate EU competition laws. 


Mucelli V., Coniglione M., Chillotti M., Tolu E., Ibba V.,Palla A e Sesuru C. 

Socrates Erasmus programme

 

05/01/2007

The Erasmus Mundus programme is a co-operation and mobility programme in the field of higher education which promotes the European Union as a centre of excellence in learning around the world. It supports European top-quality Masters Courses and enhances the visibility and interest of European higher education in third countries. It also provides EU-funded scholarships for third country nationals participating in these Masters Courses, as well as scholarships for EU-nationals studying in third countries. 
Erasmus was the first major European programme in the area of higher education. Since it was launched in 1987 it has gone from strength to strength and more than 700,000 students have been able to take advantage of the mobility arrangements under Erasmus. Today, nearly all European universities are involved, however this action is also intended for higher education institutions which are not universities, as well as for post-university education. Each university presents its full range of Erasmus activities in a contract, which is called the Institutional Contract, signed with the Commission. 
Two categories of people can benefit from Erasmus activities: students and the teaching staff. 
Erasmus gives students the opportunity to study for a period of 3-12 months at a university or higher education institution in another participating country. 
By way of principle, the time spent in the other country is fully recognised in the home institution thanks in particular to the ECTS system, which facilitates academic recognition of periods of study in partner institutions. This means that there must be prior agreement between the universities concerned before a person can benefit from the Erasmus scheme. Students can be eligible for a grant on top of their grants from the universities, regions or states concerned. This European grant is intended to help to cover the cost of travelling and the difference in cost of living. The European Commission may fund part of students’ language tuition prior to their departure at a foreign institution. Reports and surveys agree that a period of study in another country is very rewarding in personal, academic and social terms. Contact with another country enables the student to become more adaptable and knowledgeable of European things. It is also a considerable plus point on the employment market. 
Several Erasmus strands concern university teachers directly: 
 Teacher exchanges: The European Commission provides support for teachers giving courses, generally short courses, as part of the official curriculum of a partner university in another European country. This type of experience has a positive impact on both teachers and students. 
 Joint preparation of courses: At least three institutions (from different countries) pool their resources to develop a programme of study, a module, a curriculum or a master’s programme. This can be done in all academic subject areas, not only for ’European’ subjects. 
 Intensive programmes: Community funding may be allocated to universities organising intensive courses (e.g. as part of summer university programmes), provided they have a European dimension. These short programmes will provide an additional option for teachers and students, and offer them an opportunity to gain a European perspective. 
 Thematic networks: University departments or faculties, research centres or professional associations can form a European network around a subject area or a specific topic as a platform for analysis and discussion. The European Commission provides support for these thematic networks on condition that all the participating countries are represented. 

Ibba V.,Palla A.,Coniglione M.,Mucelli V.,Tolu E.,Sesuru C.,Chillotti M.

Bad news

25/04/2010

The other day a friend of mine called me from Italy telling me about the sad news of what happend on Monday. When my friend told me I refused to believe him. How can someone die at the age of sixteen? It’s untrue, unfair, impossible! It took me a few weeks to understand and accept what had happend. I didn’t know Leo personally, but we had loads of friends in common, and I had seen him once or twice the last time I was in Sardinia in August. It’s a shame I didn’t get the chance to get to know him; everyone tells me he was a wonderful guy, always smiling and happy... It’s a big shame. From now on I will be more careful when I drive and when I cross the road, for this is the best way I can think of, to remember and learn from Leonardo.

Max

European Union and youth people

 

15/02/2007

Citizens of the European Union have the right to free movement within any member country. For example, that means if you want to go to Finland no-one can stop you. You don't need a visa and you can stay there as long as you want, as long as you have the means to support yourself. If you get sick while you are there you can use the health services in the same way that a national of the country would do.
Secondary, You can buy things for yourself in any member country and bring them back home without having to pay duties (taxes) on the goods.
Thirdly, you have the right to live and work in any country. If you are a student or a pensioner and you are not working, you may be required to show that you have the money to support yourself while in the other country.
Fourthly, educational degrees and diplomas from one country within the European Union are now generally recognised within other member states. So if you have a degree or diploma from the UK you should find it is acceptable if you apply for a course or a job in another European Union country.
The European Union also has an impact on young people's lives by providing funds to support training, work experience, exchanges and other activities, particularly for disadvantaged young people.
The European Union has said that young people are its future and it has tried to encourage young people to travel within Europe and learn about the Union. In order to do this money has been set aside for various programmes.There are lots of European Commission funding programmes targeting different groups of people throughout Europe. It's not always immediately clear what each programme is about because they are given names like Leonardo and Copernicus or acronyms like Peco and Biomed.The funds are usually given for a limited number of years but it is possible to apply again. Most European Commission programmes aimed at young people such as Socrates and Leonardo (details below) cannot be applied for by an individual.
Following the success of the programmes detailed below, the European Union and member states are in the process of finalising the details of three successor programmes. The new initiatives will build on the strengths of the original schemes. 

Leonardo
Leonardo aims to improve the quality of vocational training throughout the European Union by supporting the exchange of young trainees, workers undergraduates and graduates. It includes parts of the old programmes known as Petra, Force, Comett and Eurotechnet.

Socrates

The main aim of this programme is to give as many young people as possible a European dimension to their studies and preparation for work. The programme is divided into three sections:
 

  • Erasmus (which mostly relates to higher education);
  • Comenius (relates to school education); and, 
  • Horizontal Measures (relates to various types of education).

Chillotti, Coniglione, Denotti, Ibba, Mucelli, Palla, Tolu.

On my way to the airport

 

31\01\2010

Hello!!! Today is a special day for me, because an old friend of mine is coming from Italy to stay at my house for some time. His name is Luca, and he has never been to England before! When I spoke to him yesterday on the phone, he told me he had not even got his suitcase ready, I just hope he won’t miss his flight! His plane is landing at Heathrow airport around two o’clock in the afternoon, and it takes me only half an hour to get there by car, since it’s not too far from where I live. Heathrow is the biggest airport in Europe and one of the busiest in the world, with more then 130.000  people that go through it every day! Well, I’d better go now or he will be waiting alone at the airport!

Take care,

Max

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An English breakfast

 09/11/2009

Dear Italian friend, in my mission to tell you all about English lifestyle, I must start from Breakfast, that is for many people the most important meal of the day! 

In Britain people take this seriously and eat loads of food to keep them strong and full of energy for the day even if not everybody still follows this tradition. One of the essentials for an "English Breakfast" is porridge; a warm mixture of crushed oats (= fiocchi d’avena ), made by soaking the crushed oats in boiling water, and served  with milk or cream and if you like it sweet  you can add sugar or honey. Followed by a Fry Up, that involves cooking in a frying pan an egg, sausages, some bacon and if you like tomatoes and mushrooms. All accompanied by a cup of tea (possibly with milk! ) and a few slices of toast that can be served with marmalade, jam or if you are really hungry Nutella (dagli inglesi pronunciato "Natella"). I have tried this type of breakfast many times even if obviously I don’t eat it every day, and I can assure you that after such a meal you won’t need a midmorning snack but you can easily keep going till lunch time! Well if you get the chance do try it, I’m sure you won’t regret it! How do you have breakfast? Have you ever tried an English Breakfast, and if you did, was it good? Let me know!

Love

Max

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The Court of Justice

21/02/2007

Hi guys! Were still us, class 4^C ^! This time we will speak about The Court of Justice!!!ok? it's an argument Very important!
In order to know something more, just go on reading!!

The Court of Justice


The Court of Justice is composed of 27 Judges and eight Advocates General. The Judges and Advocates General are appointed by common accord by the governments of the Member States for a renewable term of six years. They are chosen from among lawyers whose independence is beyond doubt and who possess the qualifications required for appointment, in their respective countries, to the highest judicial offices, or who are of recognised competence.
The Judges of the Court elect one of themselves as President of the Court for a renewable term of three years. The President directs the work and staff of the Court and presides at hearings and deliberations of the full Court or the Grand Chamber.
The Advocates General assist the Court. They are responsible for presenting, with complete impartiality and independence, an 'opinion' in the cases assigned to them.
The Registrar is the institution's secretary general and manages its departments under the authority of the President of the Court.
The Court may sit as a full court, in a Grand Chamber of 13 judges or in Chambers of three or five judges. The Court sits as a full court in the particular cases prescribed by the Statute of the Court (proceedings to dismiss the European Ombudsman or a Member of the European Commission who has failed to fulfil his or her obligations, etc.) and where the Court considers that a case is of exceptional importance. It sits in a Grand Chamber when a Member State or an institution which is a party to the proceedings so requests, and in particularly complex or important cases. Other cases are heard by Chambers of three or five judges. The Presidents of the Chambers of five judges are elected for three years, and those of the Chambers of three judges for one year.

By M.Cauterucci, F.Greco, M.Mucili, S.Naddeo, A.Peddis, F.Porru, S.Tuveri.

Slang

12/04/2007

It may have happened to you sometimes when surfing on the net and speaking to unknown guys to have problems in understanding what they are telling you, not because you don’t know English well, but only because they are using texting terms, some kind of abbreviations called “Slang”.

Here are some slang terms that maybe will help you to understand better what your new friend is telling you in a chat …

LOL -- "laugh out loud", "laughing out loud", "lots of laughter", "lots of laughs
ROFL \ ROTFL -- "rolling on (the) floor laughing"
ERM -- wait a minute, I’m thinking
AFK -- "away from keyboard"
CU -- "See you later"
LAG -- low connection
LAMER -- Ignorant
NP -- "no problem"
OMG -- "Oh my God"
THNX \ THX \ TNX \ TX -- "thanks"
TY -- "thank you"
AKA -- "Also know as"
BTW -- "By the way"
BRB -- "Be Right Back"

By  M.Cauterucci, F.Greco, M.Mucili, S.Naddeo, A.Peddis, F.Porru, S.Tuveri. 

Hello, my name is Max!

17/11/2009

Hello Italian friend! My name is Maximilian Henry Jones, but everyone calls me Max. I’m writing to you to tell all about English culture, our ways of living, traditions and many curious things that people in England do in everyday life. I know you might find it difficult to understand me at first, but I promise to write in very simple and clear English! But first things first, let me introduce myself: I’m seventeen years old, I’m in my final year at school, I live in the suburbs of London near the new Wembly Stadium (the biggest stadium in Europe! ) which I can see from my house. Let me tell you a little bit about my family: my dad’s called Adam, he works for a bank in the City (il quartiere finanziario Londinese ); instead my mum, Lucy, is a primary school teacher; I also have a little brother aged eleven, his name is Edward, and an older sister called Anne that is studying medicine at Edinburgh University. My hobbies are listening to music, plus sometimes I go and play the bass guitar in a band with friends, and my favorite sport is rugby! What’s your name? Tell me something interesting about yourself!

Love Max

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My driving licence

01/02/2010

Hello! I’m EXTREMELY happy today because I just passed my driving licence test and I can finally drive a car on my own now!!! :) In England people can drive from the age of seventeen, but the goverment is thinking about changing the law to follow the European standard that is 18. This morning arround nine I met my examiner and after a brief chat started the examination that took only arround twenty minutes to complete but to me it felt like an eternity! Even if London is well connected by public transport, being able to drive a car is still very useful especially for next year when I might leave London to go and study at university, and it’s also useful for going out to places not easily reached by public transport, as for example when I want to go to an "outlet" village I won’t have to wait for mum and dad to go but I will be able to go with my friends whenever I want! Do you have a driving licence? If you don’t, would you like to have one? Keep in touch!

All the best,

Max

 

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Football Fever!

16/06/2010

Dear friend! The Football Feverhas hit the nation!!! =) Everyone here in England is going totaly crazy for the world cup, everywhere you go you find England flags hanging up, all the newspapers dedicate many pages to it and everyone talks about it, especialy when the England match is close. Even if I normaly follow Rugby and don’t care much about football I’making an exeption this time because of the world cup. This year our  team managed to enter the competition after being humiliated two years ago when it didn’t qualify for the Europeans. This time a strong team and new coatch, the Italian Fabio Capello, rased everybodys hopes of reaching the final that will take place in Johsnesburg on the 9th of July. The Football world cup is one of the most important sporting events, that catches the attention of milions of people that follow it from across the globe! England this year has good enough chances to "live the dream" as long as it belives in it’s capabilitys and if it will work hard it may win in South Africa it’s second world cup (the first one was won in ninteen-sixtysix). Fingers crossed and GO GO ENGLAND!!! Do you like football? Wich teams do you support (appart from Italy!)  in the world cup?

Write soon,

Max

Liceo Brotzu Speaks English!

16/05/2011

Come nasce? Negli ultimi tempi stanno aumentando il numero di gruppi di persone che si organizzano per "parlare Inglese" per migliorare le loro conoscenze nella lingua. Molti si formano e si organizzano proprio tramite gruppi su Facebook e ce ne sono diversi anche a Cagliari. Da qui nasce l’idea di proporre un gruppo come questo riservato alle persone del nostro Liceo. Per l’esattezza l’idea mi è venuta dopo aver parlato con Gigi Pirina che mi ha raccontato del fatto che stava integrando lo studio dell’Inglese a scuola con un corso di lingua che frequenta tuttora in una scuola privata, così da soddisfare il suo interesse particolare per la  "conversazione". Tutti noi studiamo Inglese a scuola ma, molto spesso, impariamo diverse nozioni di letteratura ma non abbiamo l’opportunità di imparare a parlarlo bene, ed è questo uno dei più grandi diffetti del sistema scolastico Italiano. Oltre a Gigi, molti altri mi hanno chiesto di aiutarli a fare pratica e per questo ho creato questo gruppo in modo da poter sperimentare quest’estate un nuovo modo per fare Inglese!

 

 

Di che cosa si tratta? "Liceo Brotzu Speaks English!" è quindi un gruppo di persone del nostro Liceo che condividono la voglia di fare pratica in Inglese e che si impegneranno a vedersi regolarmente (sarà da decidere la frequenza ma potrebbe essere una volta ogni 2 settimane), in un Bar o Pub per parlare ESCLUSIVAMENTE in English! Inoltre questo è anche il posto giusto per scambiarsi link di articoli, video o quant’altro in Inglese e commentarli!

 

 

Come farne parte? è semplice! Basta iscriversi al gruppo su Facebook cliccando sul link: https://www.facebook.com/home.php?sk=group_109851855768788 e partecipare a gli incontri che vengono organizzati!

 

See you soon!!!